SYDNEY, NEW SOUTH WALES
Duyfken left Darling Harbour, Sydney, on May 5 2001 on a journey
that will take her halfway around the world. She had been on exhibition
at the National Maritime Museum and spent a short period of time
in dry dock in preparation for the 2002 VOC Voyagie.
Duyfken will sail north to Queensland, stopping briefly at Port
Visit the City
of Sydney website
Passage One: SYDNEY to PORT DOUGLAS
Route: Coastal direct via Inner Passage through Great Barrier Reef
Distance: 1238 nautical miles
Depart: 5 May 2001>
Passage Plan: Variable winds along NSW
coast, adverse current unless close inshore. Queensland coast
- winds becoming favourable as SE trades met, current becoming
favourable or negligible. Allow 50nm/day to Cape Moreton, 441nm
= 9 days
Then 70nm/day to Port Douglas, 797nm = 12 days
Total Passage Time: 21 days
Possible stops if necessary: Newcastle,
Coffs Harbour, numerous ports along Queensland coast.
PORT DOUGLAS, QUEENSLAND
Arrival Date: 25 May 2001
Time in Port Douglas: 4 days
Just a 70klm (44 miles) scenic drive from Cairns by sealed road
skirting the Coral Sea, Port Douglas is totally unique. Sharing
the same tropical latitude as Tahiti, "Port" still retains a close
community atmosphere. It is the nearest township to the Great
The World Heritage rainforests are also within easy reach of
Port Douglas. The lush green coastal strip of the Daintree, Cape
Tribulation region to the north of Port Douglas is home to some
of the oldest forests in the world and is a treasure trove of
rare plant and animal species.
Visit the Port Douglas Daintree
Tourisme Association website
Passage Two: PORT DOUGLAS to BATAVIA
Route: Port Douglas to Thursday Island,
coastal direct via inner route. Clearance from Thursday Island,
thence to Jakarta passing north of Flores, Timor and Java.
Distance: Port Douglas to Thursday Island:
Thursday Island to Jakarta: 2150 nm
Departure Date: 30 May 2001
Port Douglas to TI - East to southeast winds average F4, 70nm/day
= 7 days plus one day clearance in TI = 8 days
TI to Jakarta - Favourable winds E-SE but average easing F3,
50 nm/day = 43 days
Total: 51 days
Generally favourable current except possibly off north coast
Total Passage Time: 51 days
Possible stops if necessary: Kupang,
Bali, Gove, Darwin. Calculating for this passage is hopefully
very conservative and should allow for some prolonged periods
of light weather.
Arrival Date: 19 July 2001
Time in Jakarta: 5 days
Batavia was founded in 1619 after the VOC moved from the nearby
pepper port of Banten. It was the centre of VOC activity in the
Indies for 200 years. An island in Jakarta Bay was called Duyfken
Island on early charts, reflecting the role Duyfken played in
charting the bay. It is now called Palau Dapur (Kitchen Island)
and is about six kilmotres from the old Dutch harbour.
has several mooring options in Jakarta. The main harbour area
at Sunda Kelapa is famous for the tall masted Bugis schooners
from South Sulawesi and a nearby marina welcomes visiting yachts.
The Sunda Kelapa area has significant VOC remains including the
VOC Warehouses (now the maritime museum), and the City Hall of
Batavia. It is the most historic part of modern Jakarta.
The VOC island of Palau Onrust (restless island) in Jakarta Bay
has enjoyed some restoration work and may be a useful place to
moor Duyfken. The VOC activities including service and repair
of ships on the island supported about 2,000 Dutch shipwrights
. Storehouses on the island contained trading goods such as copper,
tin, brass, pepper and coffee. Duyfken has received an invitation
from Mr Gede Ardika, the Indonesian government Minister for Tourism
Product Development to visit Jakarta and the ship is certain to
receive a very big welcome.
Visit the Travel-Indonesia
Passge Three: BATAVIA to GALLE
Route: Through Sunda Strait, make westing
in trades, cross Equator in about 77E (in about 10S, some easing
of wind strength then becoming South West-West.
Average F4 after crossing Equator. Favourable current initially,
then on the beam on the northerly leg. 70nm/day = 31 days
Total Passage Time: 31 days
No stops on this passage.
GALLE, SRI LANKA
Arrival Date: 2 September 2001
Time in Galle: 5 days
The first Dutch ships to Sri Lanka arrived in May 1602 under
the command of Admiral Joris Van Spilbergen. They anchored off
the port of Batticaloa on the east coast of Sri Lanka.
Galle was in the bay where a decisive battle took place in 1640
between the Dutch and Portuguese for control of Sri Lanka and
the cinnamon trade. Among the Asian ports of the VOC, Galle was
second in importance to Batavia (now Jakarta). It was controlled
by the Dutch from 1640 until 1796.
Galle is a historic fortified town with 14 bastions as well as
Dutch houses, a Dutch church and bell tower, Government House,
and a Dutch period museum. With several VOC shipwrecks in the
harbour, Galle is now perhaps the most actively studied harbour
for VOC ship remains.
Galle's natural harbour was the main entry point and exit point
for Sri Lankan trade until 1873 when a new harbour was built in
Like the many VOC ships before her, Duyfken will spend some days
in Galle before heading into the Indian Ocean again to make passage
to Mauritius. The arrival of Duyfken also coincides the 400th
anniversary of Dutch/Sri Lankan relations.
Visit the University
of Amsterdam Galle Project website
of breng een bezoekje aan de Travelmarker
Passage Four: GALLE to RODRIGUES
Unscheduled stop due to making good time.
Time in Rodrigues:
Duyfken's visit to Rodrigues Island in the Mascarene Islands
group marked the 400th anniversary of the original Duyfken becoming
the first recorded Dutch vessel to visit the island. That 1601
voyage was celebrated during the visit of the Duyfken replica.
The first Duyfken recorded birds such as the Red Rail and hunted
the large turtles which were seen all over the island. Both species
are now extinct. Today, Rodrigues is one of the most hospitable
islands in the world.
Visit the Rodrigues
Passage Five: RODRIGUES to MAURITIUS
Route: From Galle to Port Louis, Mauritius,
the best course south across SW Monsoon until SE Trades are
met, then direct to Mauritius.
Distance: Approx 2,500nm from Sri Lanka
Departure Date: 7 September 2001
Passage Plan: Winds west to southwest,
average F4, in initial part - allow vessel to go a little free,
once trades are met, average F5 east to southeasterly. 70nm/day
Total Passage Time: 36 days
Possible Stops: Diego Garcia possible
if needed, but better to avoid and get south from Sri Lanka
and even a little east to get a fair run to Mauritius.
PORT LOUIS, MAURITIUS
Arrival Date: 13 October 2001
Time in Port Louis: 5 days
The crew of Duyfken will find Port Louis, Mauritius, a welcome
location to re-provision the ship, just as many VOC ships have
was discovered in 1505 by a Portuguese navigator Domingos Fernanadez
and named 'Ilha do Cerne'. It became a useful provisioning island
for ships bound for India. The Dutch arrived in 1598, and renamed
the island after the Dutch stadholder Maurits. In turn, the VOC
ships began using the islands for provisioning their fleets to
the Indies and established settlements in the 1630s.
They settled on the East coast of the island and called it 'Haven
van Warwijck' known today as the town of Vieux Grand Port.
They build a fort called Fort Frederik Hendrik.
The VOC decided to abandon the colony in 1658. From 1658 to 1664
Mauritius was uninhabited. In 1663, the VOC ordered the governor
of the Cape colony to establish a new Dutch settlement in Mauritius
but by 1710 the last Dutchman left Mauritius. Today, there are
remains of Fort Frederick Hendrick and a small museum about the
Visit the Mauritius
Passage Six: MAURITIUS to CAPE TOWN
Route: Pass 200nm south of Madagascar
then to South Africa coast south of Durban, thence coastal direct
to Cape Town.
Departure Date: 18 October 2001
Passage Plan: Favourable winds, NE to
SE, average F4 for first part. Approximately 1200nm at 70nm/day
= 18 days. Winds then becoming variable but with strong favourable
current on coast. Approximately 1100nm at 50nm/day = 22 days
Total Passage Time: 40 days
Possible stops in South Madagascar and Durban
CAPE TOWN, SOUTH AFRICA
Arrival Date: 27 November 2001
Time in Cape Town: 14 days
Since 1503 when the Portuguese first entered Table Bay, the Cape
of Good Hope has been used as a place to re-supply European ships.
The shipwreck of the VOC ship Nieuwe Haarlem, in 1647 began the
Dutch settlement in the Cape. The shipwreck victims, built a small
fort and named it 'Sand Fort of the Cape of Good Hope' and sought
refuge for a year before being rescued by a fleet of VOC ships.
In April 1652, Jan van Riebeek established a permanent provisions
station for the VOC, supplying fresh water and produce to the
large sailing ships. In 1794, the VOC was finished and in 1795
the English seized the prosperous colony. Cape Town's long Dutch
heritage and recent foreshore and harbour redevelopment will make
the city a very successful stopover.
Visit the City of Cape Town
CAPE TOWN to WALVIS BAY
Unscheduled stop due to making good time.
WALVIS BAY, NAMIBIA
Time in Walvis Bay:
Duyfken's visit to Walvis Bay in Namibia highlighted the long
maritime history of the coastline, the northern part which is
called the Skeleton Coast for good reason.
As in Cape Town where the Khoikhoi herders encountered the Dutch
traders and began to trade, so it was in Walvis Bay where European
ships traded with the local herders. The VOC ships Grundel
and Boode visited Walvis Bay in 1670 and 1677, although
trade was not established.
A century later, American whalers established settlements along
the coast to work the rich whaling grounds offshore.
More recently, remains of a VOC vessel, the Vlissingen,are
believed to have been found south of Walvis Bay. It is hoped that
Duyfken's visit will generate wider interest in the Vlissingen
and perhaps lead to a detailed search for the remains of the vessel.
Visit the Walvis
Bay Port website.
Passage Eight: WALVIS BAY to St. HELENA Is.
Distance: 1700nm from Cape Town
Departure Date: 14 December 2001 from Cape Town
Passage Plan: Favourable winds, trade wind passage, 70nm/day = 24 days
Total Passage Time: 24 days from Cape Town
ST. HELENA Is.
Arrival Date: 7 January 2001
Time in St. Helena: 2 day
St Helena is a speck of an island in the South Atlantic but it
was a critical watering point for the VOC ships sailing to and
from the East Indies. It will be the same for Duyfken as she enters
the Atlantic Ocean on her way to Texel. St Helena was often used
as a place for ships of the VOC fleets to re-group before they
tackled the Indian or Atlantic Oceans.
Visit the St. Helena Island
Visit the website of the Ascension
Passage Nine: St. HELENA Is. to ASCENSION Is.
Departure Date: 9 January 2002
Passage Plan: Favourable winds, trade wind passage, 70nm/day = 11 days Total Passage Time: 11 days
Total Passage Time: 11 days
Arrival Date: 20 January 2002
Time in Flores: 1 day
The small island of Ascension is 750 miles north west of Saint
Helena and covers an area of 95 square kilometres. It was discovered
by the Portuguese seafarer Joao da Nova Castelia in 1501, (although
this visit apparently went unrecorded) and 'found again' two
years later on Ascension Day by Alphonse d'Albuquerque, who
gave the island its name.
Being dry and barren it was of little use to the East Indies
fleets. So it remained uninhabited until Emperor Napoleon I
was incarcerated on St Helena in 1815 and a small British naval
garrison was stationed on Ascension to deny it to the French.
Visit the website of the Ascension
Passage Ten: ASCNSION to THE AZORES
Route: With the SE trades to Equator, northerly course doldrums, and then across NE Trades until westerlies are met then direct.
Departure Date: 21 January 2002
Favourable SE trades to Equator in approx 25degW 780nm, 70nm/day = 11 days
Best course north across ITCZ (Doldrums) until NE trades are met 300nm, 50nm/day = 6 days
Full and across NE trades to approx 27M 39W 1500nm, 70nm/day = 22 days
Once westerlies are met, direct to Flores, allowing for slower progress in first half of Horse Lats 450nm, 50nm/day = 9 days, then 450nm, 70nm/day = 7 days.
Total Passage Time: 55 days
Any other stops unlikely, nearest ports are to windward and would only be considered in real need.
FLORES, THE AZORES
Arrival Date: 18 March 2002
Time in Flores: 3 days
The island of Flores in the Azores is said to have been sighted
in 1452 and given the name Flores (meaning 'flowers') because
of the abundance of flowers on the island. The first settlement
in Flores is thought to have been by the Flemish, later by Spanish
and then Portuguese, the great rivals to VOC interest in the East
da Gama, returning from India in 1499, stopped over in Angra where
he buried his deceased brother. In 1492, Christopher Colombus
visited Santa Maria on his way back from the Caribbean. From 1580-1640,
the two colonial empires of Spain and Portugal used the Azores
as a staging post for voyages west and south. The islands attracted
ships of trade and war including pirates and privateers from France,
England and Holland.
Visit the VisualAzores
Passage Eleven: THE AZORES to TEXEL
Route: Direct via Dover Strait<
Departure Date: 21 March 2002
Passage Plan: Favourable westerlies and current. Every chance of meeting heavy weather from Western Approaches onwards, although should still be favourable. 70nm/day = 25 days.
Total Passage Time: 25 days
No stops, if required, any English south coast port would be suitable.
TEXEL, THE NETHERLANDS
Arrival Date: 28 April 2002
|Map of Holland
Texel's roadstead has welcomed returning seafarers for more than
five centuries. Duyfken was one of these ships and four hundred
years later, the replica of Duyfken will again be welcomed home.
One can only wonder at the welcome Duyfken will receive after
the greatest re-enactment voyage of our times. Duyfken will arrive
in Texel on about 28 April 2002. The end of a remarkable voyage
through three great oceans, four continents and into VOC history.
Visit the Texel Tourist Bureau
Visit the Maritime
and Beachcomber's Museum website.